Although children with high health care needs represent a small percentage of the overall pediatric population, they account for a large percentage of pediatric health care costs, including up to 40% of pediatric hospital charges. Researchers at The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice and Dartmouth's Geisel School of Medicine recently published a unique study in the journal Pediatrics that examines nearly the entire population of children with medical complexity in three states and found significant differences across the hospitals providing care in inpatient days, outpatient visits, emergency room visits and diagnostic tests.
A recent study in JAMA Pediatrics shows that, after adjustment for infant and maternal risk factors, U.S. newborns at all birth weights are increasingly likely to be admitted to a NICU, which raises the possibility of overuse of neonatal intensive care in some newborns.
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