Hospital Bed Inputs per 1,000 Decedents, by Interval Before Death and Level of Care Intensity
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    • Interval Before Death:
    • Level of Care Intensity:

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    Hospital Bed Inputs per 1,000 Decedents, by Interval Before Death and Level of Care Intensity
    (Interval Before Death: Last Six Months of Life; Level of Care Intensity: Overall; Year: 2014; Region Levels: State)
    New York 33.5
    District of Columbia 31.8
    New Jersey 30.3
    Maryland 26.9
    Connecticut 26.9
    Florida 26.1
    Hawaii 25.1
    Delaware 24.8
    West Virginia 24.7
    Mississippi 24.1
    Kentucky 23.9
    California 23.8
    Illinois 23.8
    Virginia 23.5
    Alabama 23.4
    Nevada 23.4
    Michigan 23.3
    Pennsylvania 23.1
    Massachusetts 22.8
    Texas 22.6
    South Carolina 22.5
    Louisiana 22.5
    Arkansas 22.4
    Georgia 22.4
    Rhode Island 22.3
    Tennessee 22.3
    Missouri 21.3
    North Carolina 21.3
    Oklahoma 21.2
    Ohio 21.0
    Indiana 20.8
    Alaska 20.5
    Arizona 19.7
    Kansas 19.6
    New Mexico 19.4
    New Hampshire 19.2
    Vermont 18.6
    Nebraska 18.2
    North Dakota 18.2
    Iowa 17.9
    Wyoming 17.8
    Maine 17.7
    South Dakota 17.7
    Wisconsin 17.7
    Washington 17.4
    Minnesota 16.9
    Colorado 16.3
    Montana 15.5
    Oregon 14.8
    Idaho 13.3
    Utah 12.7
    National Average 23.0
    90th Percentile 26.9
    50th Percentile 22.3
    10th Percentile 16.3
        • FOOTNOTES:
        • Bed inputs per 1,000 decedents are calculated by dividing the relevant day rate per decedent during the last two years of life by 365 to determine the number of bed-years used by members of the cohort during their last two years of life. The result is then multiplied by 1,000. ICU days are determined by the following indicators in the MedPAR claim: ICARECNT (intensive care day count), CRNRYDAY (coronary care day count). ICU days are further designated as "high-intensity" and "intermediate-intensity" using the Inpatient file according to the proportion of each ICU stay (revenue center codes 0200-0219) that is intermediate-intensity (revenue center codes 0206, 0214) and high-intensity (0200-0205, 0207-0213, 0215-0219).

        • Click here to read about changes in methods between the 2001-05 and 2003-07 analyses. The study population includes beneficiaries with one of nine chronic conditions who were enrolled in traditional (fee-for-service) Medicare and died during the measurement period. To allow for two years of follow-back for all patients, the population is restricted to those whose age on the date of death was 67 to 99 years, and to those having full Part A and Part B entitlement throughout the last two years of life. Persons enrolled in managed care organizations were excluded from the analysis. For the hospital-specific analyses, patients had to be hospitalized for chronic illness at least once during their last two years of life to be included. For regional analyses, all patients diagnosed with a chronic illness were included.

        • ADJUSTMENTS:
        • Rates are adjusted for age, sex, race, primary chronic condition, and the presence of more than one chronic condition using ordinary least squares regression.


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    The Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care is based at The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice and is supported by a coalition of funders led by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, including the WellPoint Foundation, the United Health Foundation, the California HealthCare Foundation, and the Charles H. Hood Foundation.