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Hospital Care Intensity Index, Last Two Years of Life, by Component
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        • FOOTNOTES:
        • The HCI is based on two variables: the number of days patients spent in the hospital and the number of physician encounters (visits) they experienced as inpatients. It is computed as the age-sex-race-illness standardized ratio of patient days and visits. For each variable, the ratio of a given hospital’s utilization rate to the national average was calculated, and these two ratios were averaged to create the index.

        • DENOMINATOR DEFINITION:
        • Click here to read about changes in methods between the 2001-05 and 2003-07 analyses. The study population includes beneficiaries with one of nine chronic conditions who were enrolled in traditional (fee-for-service) Medicare and died during the measurement period. To allow for two years of follow-back for all patients, the population is restricted to those whose age on the date of death was 67 to 99 years, and to those having full Part A and Part B entitlement throughout the last two years of life. Persons enrolled in managed care organizations were excluded from the analysis. For the hospital-specific analyses, patients had to be hospitalized for chronic illness at least once during their last two years of life to be included. For regional analyses, all patients diagnosed with a chronic illness were included.

        • ADJUSTMENTS:
        • Rates are adjusted for age, sex, race, primary chronic condition, and the presence of more than one chronic condition using ordinary least squares regression.




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    The Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care is based at The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice and is supported by a coalition of funders led by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, including the WellPoint Foundation, the United Health Foundation, the California HealthCare Foundation, and the Charles H. Hood Foundation.